Journal Teratogen sample essay

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1. Which teratogen did you choose and why?

The teratogen I choose to do this assignment on is Cytomegalovirus (CMV). The reason why I choose this teratogen is because I wanted to learn more about it and how to prevent this infectious disease. I am aware it is closely related to Herpes. I want to know what similarities and difference Cytomegalovirus had compared with Herpes.

2. What are the potential short-and long-term effects of this teratogen on the developing person?

Fetuses who are infected before birth usually show no symptoms of a CMV infection until after they are born, although some can develop hearing, vision, neurological, and developmental problems over time. In a few cases, there are symptoms at birth, which can include premature delivery, being small for gestational age, jaundice, enlarged liver and spleen, seizures, rash, and feeding difficulties. These fetuses are also at high risk for developing hearing, vision, neurological, and developmental problems.

3. Are other risk factors associated with damage from this teratogen. That is, who is most (and least) likely to suffer teratogenic damage?

Risk factors associated with CMV are permanent damage to the nervous system, hearing loss, and developmental disabilities. CMV is a virus that infects people of all ages and is usually harmless to people with a healthy immune system. Most people have been exposed to CMV at some point in their lifetime without realizing it. The people who are more likely to suffer from this serious disease are those with weakened immune systems.

4. Has this teratogen become more of a problem in recent years as a result of technological advances?

CMV has not been . There are blood tests that a pregnant women or the general public are able to take in order to verify if they are infected of not. Risks of obtaining CMV are very small through casual contact. CMV is passed from infected people via body fluid, such as breast milk, urine, or saliva, and can be sexually transmitted. It can also be spread through transplanted organs and blood transfusions.

5. What steps can prospective parents take a minimize the effects of this teratogen?

To prevent and minimize CMV infection parents need to avoid exposure to saliva, urine, or any other types of bodily fluids. As well as making sure be washing your hands constantly, especially before handling the baby. Making sure not to share food and drinks with the baby, and keeping toys sterilized all the time. Using all of these tips will help prevent transmission of CMV.

6. State the internet addresses (the complete URL) of all of the websites you visited to answer the questions.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
U.S. National Library of Medicine
Mayo Clinic