Critical Thinking and Ethics
According to “Google” (2015), the definition of critical thinking is, “The objective analysis and evaluation of an issue in order to form a judgment.” Basically, it means making an impartial, factual decision based on data and information received. Kirby, Goodpaster and Levine (1999), described creative thinking, organization, logical thinking, scientific thinking, persuasive thinking, and problem solving as all being part of critical thinking.
Ellis and Toft (2015) states, “Psychologist Benjamin Bloom described six kinds of thinking:
Level 1: Remembering
Level 2: Understanding
Level 3: Applying
Level 4: Analyzing
Level 5: Evaluating
Level 6: Creating”
By using all 6 components to critical thinking, we can find facts to substantiate our beliefs and decisions. They are all interconnected and will improve with practice. After having taken the ELI Ethical Lens Inventory, the findings showed me that my preferred ethical lens is Reputation. This indicates that I oftentimes, listen to my intuition (sensibility) to determine what character traits and virtues best serve the community (equality). Per the ELI, my blind spot is unrealistic role expectations. It stated that because I rely so strongly on the virtues associated with various roles, I run the risk of developing unrealistic role expectations, forgetting that people are fallible regardless of their role.
I disagree with this finding. People are human and by nature fallible beings. There are none perfect. My personal ethics are based on my Spiritual beliefs. I believe in God as the Creator of all. He is my higher authority and as such, the edicts and principles in the Bible, (scriptures inspired by God), are that which my personal ethics are based off of. I make decisions based on the Word of God. It helps by giving a clear depiction of right and wrong. Even knowing this however, does not mean that one is infallible. In the professional environment, individuals are given an organization’s Code of Conduct whenever they become a part of it.
This Code tells in detail, what exactly is required of a new member or employee. By accepting membership or employment with an organization, you must agree to comply with the Code of Conduct or risk disciplinary action and or termination from the organization. Many friends have a “Code” that they live by. These are usually unwritten rules that are established as relationships form a closer bond. Breaking the “Code” might negatively affect the friendship or end it permanently, due to trust being broken. In conclusion, critical thinking is very complex, but we all seem to have the ability to use it on different levels. Continued utilization of the process of critical thinking will enable one with the ability to make sound decisions based on facts.